Mountain, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes Project

2015

Mountains, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Pathfinder

The “Databases” can be found under the drop down menu at the upper right of this page. Once you are on the Database page click on any of the following: Gale Discovering CollectionsWorld Geography, and the World Book Encyclopedia. All of these databases should have information about mountains, earthquakes and volcanoes.

Types of Mountains
How are mountains formed?
http://hubpages.com/hub/Types-and-Formation-of-Mountains-For-kids
http://www.universetoday.com/guide-to-space/earth/types-of-mountains/ (scroll down)
http://wonderopolis.org/wonder/how-are-mountains-made/
http://www.universetoday.com/29833/how-mountains-are-formed/

Internal and External appearance: folded, plateau, fault block, grabens, volcanic, and dome
http://www.universetoday.com/guide-to-space/earth/fault-block-mountains/
http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/10k.html
http://www.geosc.psu.edu/%7Eengelder/geosc20/lect30.html
http://geology.utah.gov/teacher/tc/tc0399.htm
http://geology.isu.edu/wapi/Geo_Pgt/Mod04_Earth/mod4.htm

Folded mountains:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/natural_hazards/fold_mountains_rev1.shtml
Where are these mountains (images):
The Himalayas and The Tibetan Plateau:
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/everest/earth/birthmountains.html
http://oak.ucc.nau.edu/wittke/Tibet/Himalaya.html

The Alps:
http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/alps.htm
http://www.myswissalps.com/switzerland/switzerland-nature.asp?lang=EN

The Ural Mountains:
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Where_are_the_Ural_Mountains_located
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/619028/Ural-Mountains
http://geography.howstuffworks.com/asia/the-ural-mountains.htm
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=35963

The Appalachians:
satellite image of Appalachians:
http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/nalnd.htm
http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar026200&st=appalachians

The Colorado Plateau:
http://geomaps.wr.usgs.gov/parks/province/coloplat.html
http://www.britannica.com/place/Colorado-Plateau
http://arizonaexperience.org/land/colorado-plateau
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/earth/surface-of-the-earth/canyon-lands.html

Fault-Block Mountains and Plateaus
The Sierra Nevada Range:
http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar509800&st=sierra+nevada+range
http://timberlinetrails.net/SierraNevadaMtns.html
Death Valley in California:
http://www.nps.gov/deva/index.htm
http://www.desertusa.com/dv/du_dvpmain.html

Volcanic Mountains:
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/LivingWith/VolcanicFacts/misc_volcanic_facts.html
The Cascade Range:
http://earth.imagico.de/view.php?site=washington2
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Cascades/ImageMaps/CascadeRange/cascade_range.html
The Mariana Islands:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cq.html
http://www.mymarianas.com/
The Mid-Atlantic Rift:
http://geology.com/nsta/divergent-plate-boundaries.shtml
http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar035980&st=the+mid-atlantic+rift&sc=2#h12
http://www.uwsp.edu/geo/faculty/lemke/geog101/lectures/18_plate_tectonics.html
http://mayhem-chaos.net/photoblog/archives/001076.html
Hawaii:
http://www.solarviews.com/eng/hawaii.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawaii_Volcanoes_National_Park
http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/

Dome Mountains:
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/LivingWith/VolcanicFacts/misc_volcanic_facts.html
http://geology.utah.gov/teacher/tc/tc0108.htm
The Black Hills of South Dakota
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Hills
http://www.legendsofamerica.com/SD-Mainpage.html
http://www.blackhillsbadlands.com/
Adirondack Mountains of New York:
http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar004680&st=adirondack+mountains+of+new+york
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adirondack_Mountains
http://visitadirondacks.com/

The World’s Highest Mountains
What are the seven summits?
http://7summits.com/
http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com/featured/view-seven-highest-peaks-earth/6267
Where are the seven summits and what is their elevation?
http://7summits.com/info/7summits_map.html
http://climbing.about.com/od/mountainclimbing/a/7Summits.htm
Tell what kind of mountain each of the seven summits is:
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/3924/Mount-Aconcagua
http://geology.about.com/library/bl/peaks/bldenali.htm
http://7summits.com/kilimanjaro/kilimanjaro.php
https://www.rmiguides.com/mt-elbrus-northside/
http://www.philippegatta.fr/carstensz2.htm
http://7summits.com/vinson/vinson.htm
Interesting Facts:
http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/hillary/archive/evefacts.htm
http://www.carstenszpapua.com/7summits-history.html
http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/earth/mounteverest.html
http://7summits.com/7summits_statistics.php

Important Earthquakes in History
Where, sequence of events, additional hazards, $ amount of property damage, death and injury toll, interesting fact and/or inspirational stories, other earthquakes in the area, do scientists expect future earthquakes

The New Madrid Earthquakes on 1811-1812:
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1811-1812_pics.php
http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=2218

San Francisco Earthquake 1906:
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/nca/1906/18april/index.php On Left side bar click on different topics
http://www.sfmuseum.org/1906/06.html

San Francisco Earthquake 1989:
http://www.sfmuseum.org/alm/quakes3.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/17/newsid_2491000/2491211.stm
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3434
http://www.sfmuseum.org/1906/89.html

Anchorage 1964:
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1964_03_28.php
http://www.aeic.alaska.edu/quakes/Alaska_1964_earthquake.html
http://www.valdezmuseum.org/between-the-glacier-and-the-sea/

Kobe 1995:
http://www.ce.washington.edu/~liquefaction/html/quakes/kobe/kobe.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/17/newsid_3375000/3375733.stm
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/kobe-earthquake-20th-anniversary-facts-about-devastating-1995-great-hanshin-earthquake-1483786
http://www.paulzilla.org/japanese/quakkurt.htm
http://www.nist.gov/el/disasterstudies/earthquake/earthquake_kobe_japan1995.cfm
http://crack.seismo.unr.edu/ftp/pub/louie/class/100/effects-kobe.html

Haiti, 2010
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/34842469/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/what-caused-devastating-haiti-earthquake/#.Tt7e9nP4FNc
http://www.cnn.com/2013/12/12/world/haiti-earthquake-fast-facts/
http://www.livescience.com/9798-haiti-earthquake-science-caused-disaster.html
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/01/100113-haiti-earthquake-red-cross/

The Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions in the 20th Century
Where (country, mountain range, and/or plates), sequence of events, additional hazards, $ amount of property damage, death and injury toll, interesting fact and/or inspirational stories, other earthquakes in the area, do scientists expect future earthquakes
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/

Mt. Pelee in Martinique in 1902:
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1811-1812_pics.php
http://worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar713529&st=volcano+mt.+pelee+in+martinique+in+1902#tab=homepage
http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Pelee.html
http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/pelee
http://www.earthmagazine.org/article/benchmarks-may-8-1902-deadly-eruption-mount-pelee

Nevada del Ruiz in Colombia in 1985:
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Vhp/C1073/hazard_maps_risk.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/13/newsid_2539000/2539731.stm
http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/hazards/lahar/ruiz.php

Other Important Volcanic Eruptions in History
Where (country, mountain range, and/or plates), sequence of events, additional hazards, $ amount of property damage, death and injury toll, interesting fact and/or inspirational stories, other earthquakes in the area, do scientists expect future earthquakes
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/

Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD:
http://www.livescience.com/27871-mount-vesuvius-pompeii.html
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/pompeii.htm
http://www.dl.ket.org/latin3/historia/places/vesuvius/eruptions.htm
http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/pompeii/p/MtVesuvius.htm
http://geology.com/volcanoes/vesuvius/

Tambora, Indonesia in 1815:
http://www.wired.com/2009/04/194-years-since-the-great-tambora-eruption/
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Indonesia/description_tambora_1815_eruption.html
http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/tambora.html
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/blast-from-the-past-65102374/?no-ist

Krakatau (Krakatoa), Indonesia 1883
http://www.photovolcanica.com/VolcanoInfo/Krakatau/Krakatau.html
http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Krakatau.html
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/01/volcano-culture/indonesia-on-alert-text

Heimaey, Iceland in 1973:
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Iceland/Maps/map_iceland_volcanoes.htmlhttp://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Iceland/Publications/ManAgainstVolcano/heimaey_1973_eruption.html http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/heimaey/ Below picture click on the first here
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Iceland/description_iceland_volcanics.html

Mt. St. Helens in 1980:
http://geobytesgcse.blogspot.com/2007/01/volcano-case-study-mount-st-helens-1980.html
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2000/fs036-00/
http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/a1969/4219883/

Mt Pinatubo in 1991-1992:
http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/southeast_asia/philippines/tectonics.html
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/1997/fs114-97/
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/1997/fs113-97/
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001AGUFM.U31A..07R
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/stratoguide/pinfeat.html
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Mount_Pinatubo.aspx
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Philippines/Pinatubo/description_pinatubo.html

Other Volcanic Regions of Interest
The Volcanic Geology of the Pacific Northwest US:
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Cascades/description_cascade_range.html
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/PacificNW/Maps/pacificNW_volcanics.html
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Glossary/PlateTectonics/Maps/map_plate_tectonics_cascades.html
EarthquakesVolcanoesInThePacificNW
http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/geo_history_wa/

The Volcanic Geology Hawaii:
http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/
http://www.netstate.com/states/geography/hi_geography.htm
http://www.bluehawaiian.com/explore/ecology/flora_and_fauna/
http://www.bluehawaiian.com/explore/geography/creation
http://www.solarviews.com/eng/hawaii.htm
http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/

The Volcanic Geology of Iceland:
http://iceland.vefur.is/iceland_nature/geology_of_iceland/index.htm
http://www.nat.is/travelguideeng/geology_iceland.htm
http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/en/iceland.html
http://www.athropolis.com/arctic-facts/fact-hotsprings.htm
http://tommyimages.com/Stock_Photos/Scandinavia/Iceland/Mud_Pots_Fumaroles/slides/Iceland_0837-Mud_Pot.html
http://geography.about.com/library/cia/blciceland.htm
http://www.newliving.com/issues/may_2004/articles/mystical%20iceland.html

Extraterrestrial Volcanism:
Mars and Io:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/volc/extraterrestrial.html

Earth’s moon, Venus, Mars and Io:
http://mivo-sys.tripod.com/et.html
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/venus/venus_il.html
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/jupiter/moons/io_volcanism.html

Several planets and moons:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/volc/extraterrestrial.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_extraterrestrial_volcanoes
E[1].T._Volcanoes

Additional Topics
Mountain Climbing and Mountain Climbers
Famous mountain climbers:
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/394976/mountaineering/5045/History#ref=ref208366

Timeline of major achievements in mountain climbing:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountaineering XXXXXXClick on History
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/mountain_climbing.aspx

What are the seven summits?
http://7summits.com/
http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com/featured/view-seven-highest-peaks-earth/6267

Where are the popular mountains to climb:
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16113203/
List/describe modern climbing gear and techniques:
http://alumnus.caltech.edu/~sedwards/climbing/equipment.html

Hazards mountain climbers face:
http://www.mountainclimbingnews.com/safety.php
http://ezinearticles.com/?Hazards-of-Mountain-Climbing&id=859891
http://climbing.about.com/od/staysafeclimbing/tp/10ClimbingSafetyTips.htm

Earthquake Preparedness:
Where do people face the greatest threat of an earthquake:
http://www.geo.mtu.edu/UPSeis/where.html
http://www.chathamemergency.org/preparedness/earthquake.php
http://www.videojug.com/interview/earthquake-facts

What can you do to prepare for an earthquake:
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/prepare/links.php
http://www.earthquakecountry.info/roots/seven_steps.html
what to do before, during and after an earthquake
http://www.ready.gov/earthquakes

What to do during an earthquake:
http://www.openhazards.com/prepare/step5
http://www.geo.mtu.edu/UPSeis/bda.html

What to do after an earthquake:
http://www.cusec.org/earthquake-safety/what-to-do-in-an-earthquake/72.html

Hazards associated to an earthquake and how to protect your self:
http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/earthquakes/inspecting.asp

Several websites about earthquake preparedness:
http://www.chathamemergency.org/preparedness/earthquake.php
http://www.quakekare.com/?gclid=CNap3YTukaUCFUcKKgodFTywNg
http://www.johnmartin.com/earthquakes/EQGUIDES/

December 2004 Asian Tsunami:

What is it and the different ways it is created:
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1228_041228_tsunami.html
http://geology.com/articles/tsunami-geology.shtml
http://www.tsunami2004.net/

Where, include name of countries and/or plates involved:
http://www.globalissues.org/article/523/asian-earthquake-and-tsunami-disaster
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1228_041228_tsunami.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Countries_affected_by_the_2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2004/us2004slav/#summary

Sequence of events:
http://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/natural-disasters/tsunami5.htm

Additional hazards:
http://www.gdrc.org/uem/disasters/disenvi/tsunami.html

Property damage:
http://www.nehrp.gov/pdf/factsheet-011305.pdf
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1227_041226_tsunami.html
http://www.mapsofworld.com/indonesia/information/tsunami.html

Death, Injured, and Missing:
http://www.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/asiapcf/12/28/tsunami.deaths/index.html
http://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/natural-disasters/tsunami.htm
http://science.blurtit.com/32147/how-many-people-died-in-the-asian-tsunami-
Interesting facts and/or inspirational stories:
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1228_041228_tsunami.html
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1227_041226_tsunami_2.html
http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/Tsunami/story?id=542200&page=1
http://www.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/asiapcf/12/28/more.emails/

Tsunamis in this area before:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081029141037.htm

Expect Tsunamis in this area in the future:
http://www.tsunami.noaa.gov/tsunami_story.html

Tsunami in Japan 2011
http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/environment/story/2011-12-06/japan-quake-seafloor-damage/51684786/1
http://www.cnn.com/2011/12/06/world/asia/japan-tsunami-nasa/index.html
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/03/11/world/asia/maps-of-earthquake-and-tsunami-damage-in-japan.html
http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Latest-News-Wires/2011/0311/Japan-tsunami-causes-major-damage-after-8.9-earthquake

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